My latest opinion articles

5G OpenRAN Security

Can we afford to keep ignoring Open RAN security?

I’m skeptical of ‘futurists’. Work closely enough with the development of technology solutions and you’ll know that the only certain thing about the future is that it’s constantly changing. For example, few ‘futurists’ predicted the Covid-19 outbreak that brought the world to a standstill in 2020. Many, however, had...
Securing Society 5.0

Introducing Society 5.0

Self-help authors and politicians seem to agree on at least one thing: mindset matters. The shelves of bookstores worldwide are awash with motivational books by evangelical writers hoping to convert readers to their gospel of optimism. The central thesis is simple: success depends on approaching life, especially its challenges,...
Securing Society 5.0 Introduction

Securing Society 5.0 – Overcoming the hidden threats in society’s greatest evolutionary leap

A term first coined by the Japanese government, “Society 5.0” describes "A human-centered society that balances economic advancement with the resolution of social problems by a system that highly integrates cyberspace and physical space." The fifth evolution of the society, enabled by the fifth generation of cellular networking and...
Open RAN Security

Open RAN May Be the Future of 5G, but Can We Keep It Secure?

It's been a year of contradictions for the telecommunications industry. Like most sectors, it has been heavily impacted by the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic, with a slowdown in global 5G roll-outs being a notable result. Geopolitical conflicts have continued to muddy the market, with governments playing a more active...
5G Cybersecurity Safety

Cybersecurity and Safety in the 5G-Enabled Smart-Everything World

Neil Harbisson calls himself a cyborg. Without the antenna implanted in his skull, he would not be able to see colour of any kind. Born with achromatopsia, a condition of total colourblindness that affects 1 in every 30 000 people, Harbisson's physical faculties are augmented by cyber technology to...

My latest technology articles

5G Cloud Architecture

A Comparison of 5G Core Network Architectures

The 5G Core network is a Service Based Architecture. It evolves the traditional appliance based 4G Core Network to support services. It offers more agility and flexibility. The major building blocks of this architecture include Service-Based Interface: The Service Based Interfaces rely on HTTP/2 The 5G Network Functions: As explained...
oran lexicon

The Open RAN Lexicon You Need

The telecoms and digital technologies sectors are notoriously jargonised. Eavesdrop on any conversation at an industry conference (remember those?) and you’d be treated to a parade of acronyms, initialisms and technical terms that would sound like ancient Greek to an outsider. However, with new technologies being developed and deployed at...
5G TSN Manufacturing

5G in Manufacturing – 5G and Time Sensitive Networking (TSN) for Industrial Automation

In the recent report by IHS Markit - "The 5G Economy - How 5G will contribute to the global economy" - researchers claimed that manufacturing will garner almost $4.7 trillion in sales enablement by 2035. Or 36% of the $13.2 trillion total opportunity of 5G by 2035. Manufacturing will...
5G SBA IMS MEC Architecture

Introduction to 5G Core Service-Based Architecture (SBA) Components

The interest in 5G and mIoT is exploding. It's exciting to see so many IT and cybersecurity professionals in my network trying to learn more about 5G and related technologies. In addition to my usual articles about the societal impacts of these innovations, I'll start a series of articles introducing...
LoRaWAN IoT Security

LoRaWAN Security 101 (Non-5G IoT Connectivity Options)

I get accused of focusing too much on 5G as the only future IoT connectivity option. I do write a lot about how 5G will revolutionize our society, become the most critical of critical infrastructures and about security threats with 5G. I see 5G, with its low latency, high...
5G SBA IMS MEC Architecture

Introduction to 5G Core Service-Based Architecture (SBA) Components

The interest in 5G and mIoT is exploding. It's exciting to see so many IT and cybersecurity professionals in my network trying to learn more about 5G and related technologies. In addition to my usual articles about the societal impacts of these innovations, I'll start a series of articles introducing key 5G and mIoT technology concepts. Before we move on to technical aspects of 5G security. Let's get started with reviewing the 5G core service-based architecture and learning the first few dozen acronyms, out of approximately a gazillion. The cellular industry loves acronyms. Even more than the cybersecurity industry. 5G architecture is an evolution of current 4G architectures but based on a Service-Based Architecture (SBA). The 3GPP defines the SBA for a 5G core network as delivered by a set of interconnected...
oran lexicon

The Open RAN Lexicon You Need

The telecoms and digital technologies sectors are notoriously jargonised. Eavesdrop on any conversation at an...
5G SBA IMS MEC Architecture

Introduction to 5G Core Service-Based Architecture (SBA) Components

The interest in 5G and mIoT is exploding. It's exciting to see so many IT...
5G Virtualization

Unlocking the Future – Why Virtualization Is the Key to 5G

Depending on who you speak to, 5G is either humankind’s greatest imminent blessing or its...
LoRaWAN IoT Security

LoRaWAN Security 101 (Non-5G IoT Connectivity Options)

I get accused of focusing too much on 5G as the only future IoT connectivity...
Open RAN Security

Open RAN May Be the Future of 5G, but Can We Keep It Secure?

It's been a year of contradictions for the telecommunications industry. Like most sectors, it has been...
Wi-Fi Cybersecurity

Wi-Fi Security 101 (Non-5G IoT Connectivity Options)

The Wi-Fi represents wireless technology that includes the IEEE 802.11 family of standards (IEEE 802.11a,...
5G Connectivity Security

5G Network: A Quantum Leap in Connectivity – and Cyber Threats

The timeline of human history is marked by inflection points of major technological advancement. The plow, the printing press, the telegraph, the steam engine, electricity, the telephone, the internet: each of these breakthroughs precipitated tectonic shifts in how people lived and worked. Now, in the early part of the 21st century, we stand witness to the birth of a new industrial revolution built on 5th generation cellular technology - 5G network. As the name implies, 5G network follows a developmental chain. First came 1G, the first generation of cellular communication that freed us to make voice calls without being tethered to a physical phone connection. Then 2G augmented this by adding data services like SMS and MMS. 3G gave us access to mobile internet, video calling and other data-heavy services....
Cyber-Kinetic Threat

Our Smart Future and the Threat of Cyber-Kinetic Attacks

A growing number of today’s entertainment options show protagonists battling cyber-attacks that target the systems...
Smart City Chip

Technology Trends for 2019 – More Amazing Than Flying Cars

Technologies that could change the world have been a popular topic for the past half...
5G Critical Infrastructure

5G Critical Infrastructure – the Most Critical of All

Not even 30 years separate us from the end of the Cold War. Yet, we...
Smart Home Wireless Connectivity

Smart Home / Smart Building Connectivity Options and Their Cybersecurity

In a recent session on smart building cybersecurity, a student cheekily asked me "How did...
Cyber-Kinetic Robot

When Hackers Threaten your Life – Cyber-Kinetic Risks

The attacker stepped out from behind a hedge in the upper-class suburban neighborhood, being careful...
Cyber-Kinetic Timeline

Timeline of Key Cyber-Kinetic Attacks, Incidents & Research

Below is a timeline of key historic cyber-kinetic attacks, system malfunctions and key researcher demos...
US vs China 5G

Geopolitics of 5G and 5G-Connected Massive & Critical IoT

Emerging Technology and Geopolitics of 5G There are several reasons emerging technology is a highly competitive industry, notwithstanding the race for intellectual property that can be licensed by burgeoning markets for revenue. A first-mover advantage is often a way to lock in relationships that can lead to long-term infrastructure commitments, integration support services, and service delivery platform development. As the adage goes, “Whoever owns the platform, owns the customer.” This race to be the first to establish technological platforms and lock-in their customers is increasingly becoming politicized. And 5G, the next generation of cellular mobile communications technology, is the best example of how geopolitics is getting involved in emerging tech decisions and how technology discussions are influencing geopolitics. The potential economic gains from 5G development and deployment, the civilization’s likely future...
Cyber-Kinetic Attacks History

History of Cyber-Kinetic Incidents and Research

The fact that cyber-kinetic attacks rarely appear on mainstream news doesn’t mean they don’t happen....
Quantum Computer 5G Security

The Quantum Computing Threat to Cybersecurity and 5G Security

Recently, in the science journal Nature, Google claimed ‘quantum supremacy’ saying that its quantum computer...
IoT Bomb Stuxnet

Stuxnet: The Father of Cyber-Kinetic Weapons

While Stuxnet is gone, the world now knows what can be accomplished through cyber-kinetic attacks. As...
Cyber-Kinetic Timeline

Timeline of Key Cyber-Kinetic Attacks, Incidents & Research

Below is a timeline of key historic cyber-kinetic attacks, system malfunctions and key researcher demos...
Canada Critical Infrastructure

Canadian Critical Infrastructure Cyber Protection

Targeted cyberattacks against critical infrastructure (CI) are increasing on a global scale. Critical systems are...
Regulation IoT 5G Cybersecurity

Regulating the Security of the Internet of Things (IoT) in a 5G World

In one of those strange inversions of reason, The Internet of Things (IoT) arguably began...
5G World Economy Society

How 5G Will Transform Economy and Society

Since the dawn of the 21st Century, the ways in which people and organizations that use the Internet experience, perceive and act in the world is radically changing. We interact with physical objects and systems well beyond our sight and comprehension. Our cars, homes, factories and public transportation are controlled increasingly by computer chips and sensors. This interconnectedness already exceeds much of last century’s science fiction imaginings, but is poised to accelerate even more dramatically with the advent of 5G. Popular telecom carrier driven expectations about the speed and capacity of 5G consumer mobile service tend to obscure the broader reality that 5G network infrastructure will also connect billions of sensors, devices, vehicles, machinery and other things besides smartphones. People will be connected to things too, not just their favorite...
Innovation in Canada

Innovation in Canada – What’s Not Working and What Is

Canada’s rankings in innovation has lagged that of other peer nations for decades despite government...
AI and 5G Double-edged Sword

AI and 5G: AI at the 5G Core – A Double-Edged Sword

If you've ever been to an expensive restaurant and ordered a familiar dish like, say,...
Canada 5G CA5G

Collaboration: The Unexpected Key to Success in Canada’s 5G

In 1967, Lynn Margulis, a young biologist, published a paper that challenged more than a...
5G 3GPP Release Timeline

Introduction to 3GPP and 3GPP 5G Releases 15, 16 and 17

In a major milestone for 5G, 3GPP finalized the Release 16 in July - its...
Open RAN Security

Open RAN May Be the Future of 5G, but Can We Keep It Secure?

It's been a year of contradictions for the telecommunications industry. Like most sectors, it has been...
IoT Cybersecurity Framework Government

5G Making It More Important for Governments to Lead IoT Security

The human brain is programmed to keep us safe and secure. Yes, we are separated...
Securing Society 5.0 Introduction

Securing Society 5.0 – Overcoming the hidden threats in society’s greatest...

A term first coined by the Japanese government, “Society 5.0” describes "A human-centered society that balances economic advancement with the resolution of social problems by a system that highly integrates cyberspace and physical space." The fifth evolution of the society, enabled by the fifth generation of cellular networking and cyber-physical systems, imagines technology, things and humans converging to address some of the biggest societal challenges. The concept encompasses Industry 4.0, Fourth Industrial Revolution, Smart-Everything World and other buzzwords of the moment. In the society of the future the more the cyber and physical worlds are combined, the greater the benefits we will experience. However, the same is true of cyber threats. The more technology is incorporated into every corner of our social being, even our physical being, the greater the...
Cyber-Kinetic Security Railway

Growing Cyber-Kinetic Threats to Railway Systems

Cybersecuring railway systems from potential attackers must become paramount in the digitization that those systems...
Canada Critical Infrastructure

Canadian Critical Infrastructure Cyber Protection

Targeted cyberattacks against critical infrastructure (CI) are increasing on a global scale. Critical systems are...
Maritime Cyber-Kinetic

Defeating 21st Century Pirates: the Maritime Cyberattacks

The maritime industry faces a not-so-distant future when ships will be completely autonomous, using navigation...
Cyber-Kinetic Threat

Our Smart Future and the Threat of Cyber-Kinetic Attacks

A growing number of today’s entertainment options show protagonists battling cyber-attacks that target the systems...
Maritime Cybersecurity

Navigating a Safe Course Through Maritime Cyberattacks

The open seas have long attracted those who yearned for adventure. The risk of pitting...
Chinese cybercrime

Cybercrime in China – a Growing Threat for the Chinese Economy

Western publications often picture the People’s Democratic Republic of China (hereafter China) as the world’s...
Cybersecurity IoT 5G Cyber-Kinetic Risks

Cyber-Kinetic Risk – Unintended Consequence of IoT in a 5G World

Getting smart about security in smart systems Smart used to be something we called people or pets. It wasn't a term one would use to describe one's hairbrush. That is changing, of course, in an era of accelerating digital transformation. Now we have smart homes, smart cities, smart grids, smart refrigerators and, yes, even smart hairbrushes. What's not so smart, though, is the way the cybersecurity and cyber-kinetic security risks of these systems are often overlooked, and with new horizon technologies like 5G, these problems are set to grow exponentially. Cyber-physical systems and the smartification of our world Cyber-connected objects have become ubiquitous. They are so prevalent that we are already beginning to take their existence for granted, even though this was the stuff of science fiction only a few years ago....
Securing Society 5.0

Introducing Society 5.0

Self-help authors and politicians seem to agree on at least one thing: mindset matters. The...
Cyber-Kinetic

When Hackers Threaten your Life – Cyber-Kinetic Attacks Intro

The attacker stepped out from behind a hedge in the upper-class suburban neighborhood, being careful...
Regulation IoT 5G Cybersecurity

Regulating the Security of the Internet of Things (IoT) in a 5G World

In one of those strange inversions of reason, The Internet of Things (IoT) arguably began...
IEMI

IEMI – Threat of Intentional Electromagnetic Interference

As our cities, our transportation, our energy and manufacturing – our everything – increasingly embrace...
Security Standards Regulations Guidelines

Emerging Tech Security Guidelines, Frameworks, Standards

Below is my attempt to list of all published 5G, IoT and "Smart Everything"-related security...
AI Cybersecurity Battlefield

AI: The Shifting Battlefield in the Cyber Arms Race

Cybersecurity strategies need to change in order to address the new issues that Machine Learning...
Canada 5G CA5G

Collaboration: The Unexpected Key to Success in Canada’s 5G

In 1967, Lynn Margulis, a young biologist, published a paper that challenged more than a hundred years of evolutionary theory. It proposed that millions of years ago, the eukaryotes emerged not from competition, as neo-Darwinism asserts, but from collaboration. Margulis’ research showed how single-celled lifeforms working together created an entirely new organism that became the foundation of all advanced life on earth. This was an inflection point in the development of evolutionary biology, shifting the scientific and cultural narrative away from “survival of the fittest” towards “survival of the most cooperative.” Though competition contributes to better individual or organizational performance, it can have the opposite effect on larger systems. In building a world-leading 5G ecosystem in Canada we need to appreciate that success will depend on all stakeholders contributing in a collaborative...
Innovation in Canada

Innovation in Canada – What’s Not Working and What Is

Canada’s rankings in innovation has lagged that of other peer nations for decades despite government...
5G World Economy Society

How 5G Will Transform Economy and Society

Since the dawn of the 21st Century, the ways in which people and organizations that...
Canada Innovation Zones AI 5G

5G Innovation Zones in Canada for Launching AI and 5G in Tandem

In my previous post I argued that if Canada wants to succeed with its AI-focused...
Canada 5G CA5G

Collaboration: The Unexpected Key to Success in Canada’s 5G

In 1967, Lynn Margulis, a young biologist, published a paper that challenged more than a...
Canada Critical Infrastructure

Canadian Critical Infrastructure Cyber Protection

Targeted cyberattacks against critical infrastructure (CI) are increasing on a global scale. Critical systems are...
US vs China 5G

Geopolitics of 5G and 5G-Connected Massive & Critical IoT

Emerging Technology and Geopolitics of 5G There are several reasons emerging technology is a highly competitive...
Smart City 5G Privacy

Cyber-Kinetic Security and Privacy Threats in Smart Cities

More than half of the world’s population lives in cities. The UN estimates that by 2050 that proportion will be 68% - more than 6 billion people living in high-density conditions. This raises significant challenges. What is the best way to ensure that human needs are met in a fair and equitable way? How will we face challenges like resource strain, waste and pollution management, traffic congestion and connectivity? In response to these wicked problems, cities are increasingly relying on smart technologies to foster greater efficiency and sustainable growth. These interventions do not, however, come without their own complications. Just like any digital tool, smart systems are vulnerable to cyber-kinetic attacks, but what makes them unique is their high degree of integration. Because these systems are by their nature embedded...
Smart City Privacy

Is Open Living, Smart Living? – Future of Privacy in Smart Cities 2

In part one of this short series on smart cities and privacy, I looked at...
Smart City Privacy

Getting Street Smart – The Inherent Privacy Risks of Smart Cities

Humans are moving to cities at an unprecedented rate. Today 55% of the world’s population...
Smart Cities Privacy

A Smarter Privacy – The Future of Privacy in our Smart Cities – 1

Part One: A Tale of Smart Cities There has been a lot of talk about 5G...
Smart Cities

Whispering Buildings and Things That Listen to Us in the Night

How important privacy is for building smart cities and embracing the IoT In the 60s cartoon...
Smart City 5G Privacy

Cyber-Kinetic Security and Privacy Threats in Smart Cities

More than half of the world’s population lives in cities. The UN estimates that by...
5G Opportunity and Cybersecurity

Opportunity and Cybersecurity in the Age of 5G

The human will to innovate is seemingly relentless. The history of our species is one...
AI and 5G Double-edged Sword

AI and 5G: AI at the 5G Core – A Double-Edged...

If you've ever been to an expensive restaurant and ordered a familiar dish like, say, lasagna, but received a plate with five different elements arranged in a way that does not at all resemble what you know as lasagna, then you have probably tasted deconstructionism. This approach to cuisine aims to challenge the way our brain makes associations, to break existing patterns of interpretation and, in so doing, to release unrealized potential. If the different elements work together harmoniously, it should be the best lasagna you've ever tasted. So it is with 5G. In principle, the 5th Generation network is deconstructed. Firstly, with its Service-Based Architecture (SBA) the core of the network is a mesh of interconnected services, each working independently but collaboratively. Next, the new core architecture is based in the cloud,...
AI and 5G Double-edged Sword

AI and 5G: AI at the 5G Core – A Double-Edged Sword

If you've ever been to an expensive restaurant and ordered a familiar dish like, say,...
Canada Innovation Zones AI 5G

5G Innovation Zones in Canada for Launching AI and 5G in Tandem

In my previous post I argued that if Canada wants to succeed with its AI-focused...
Risks of AI

Risks of AI – Meeting the Ghost in the Machine

In 1956, at a workshop on the campus of Dartmouth College, in Hanover, New Hampshire,...
AI and 5G

Digital Double Helix: Why the Fates of 5G and AI are Intertwined

In 2013, George F. Young and colleagues completed a fascinating study into the science behind...
Chinese cybercrime

Cybercrime in China – a Growing Threat for the Chinese Economy

Western publications often picture the People’s Democratic Republic of China (hereafter China) as the world’s...
Cyber-Kinetic Robot

When Hackers Threaten your Life – Cyber-Kinetic Risks

The attacker stepped out from behind a hedge in the upper-class suburban neighborhood, being careful...