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ISO/IEC JTC 1 – Smart Cities – Report


ISO-IEC-JTC-1-Smart-Cities-Preliminary-Report-696x942International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published a Preliminary Report on Smart Cities.

ISO JTC 1 recognizes the importance of Smart Cities as a trend that will shape many standards in the ICT sector, and notes a growing interest in this area among a number of standards setting organizations. This document provides an overall review on the specified topics of Smart Cities exploring standardization opportunities for JTC 1.

This report aims to:

— provide a description of key concepts related to Smart Cities, establish the definition of Smart Cities based on the key concepts, and describe relevant terminology;

— study and document the technological, market and societal requirements for the ICT standardization aspects of Smart Cities;

— study and document current technologies that are being deployed to enable Smart Cities;

— assess the current state of standardization activities relevant to Smart Cities within JTC 1, in other relevant ISO and IEC TCs, in other SDOs and in consortia; and,

— identify and propose how JTC 1 should address the ICT standardization needs of Smart Cities.


https://www.iso.org/files/live/sites/isoorg/files/developing_standards/docs/en/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf [PDF]

Big Data and Smart Cities: Privacy Trade-Off


Age-of-Big-Data-and-Smart-Cities-Privacy-Trade-Off-696x911Age of Big Data and Smart Cities: Privacy Trade-Off” [PDF] published in the International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)


Data will soon become one of the most precious treasures we have ever had, 43 TRILLION GIGABYTES of data will be created by 2020 according to a study made by Mckinsey Global Institute, it’s estimated that 2.3 TRILLION GIGABYTES of data is created each day and most companies in the US have 100.000 GIGABYTES of data stored. Data is recorded, stored and analyzed to enable technology and services that the world relies on every day, this technology is getting smarter and we will be soon living in a world of smart services or what is called smart cities. This article presents an overview of the topic pointing to its actual status and forecasting the crucial roles it will play in the future, we will define big data analytics and smart cities and talk about their potential contributions in changing our way of living and finally we will discuss the possible down side of this upcoming technologies and how it can fool us, violate our privacy and turn us into puppets or technology slaves.

Full text available here: https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1411/1411.0087.pdf [PDF]

Cyber security challenges in Smart Cities


Journal-of-Advanced-ResearchAn article “Cyber security challenges in Smart Cities: Safety, security and privacy” is published in the Journal of Advanced Research.

Article abstract:

The world is experiencing an evolution of Smart Cities. These emerge from innovations in information technology that, while they create new economic and social opportunities, pose challenges to our security and expectations of privacy. Humans are already interconnected via smart phones and gadgets. Smart energy meters, security devices and smart appliances are being used in many cities. Homes, cars, public venues and other social systems are now on their path to the full connectivity known as the “Internet of Things.” Standards are evolving for all of these potentially connected systems. They will lead to unprecedented improvements in the quality of life. To benefit from them, city infrastructures and services are changing with new interconnected systems for monitoring, control and automation. Intelligent transportation, public and private, will access a web of interconnected data from GPS location to weather and traffic updates. Integrated systems will aid public safety, emergency responders and in disaster recovery. We examine two important and entangled challenges: security and privacy. Security includes illegal access to information and attacks causing physical disruptions in service availability. As digital citizens are more and more instrumented with data available about their location and activities, privacy seems to disappear. Privacy protecting systems that gather data and trigger emergency response when needed are technological challenges that go hand-in-hand with the continuous security challenges. Their implementation is essential for a Smart City in which we would wish to live. We also present a model representing the interactions between person, servers and things. Those are the major element in the Smart City and their interactions are what we need to protect.

Full text is available here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2090123214000290

NCC – Cybersecurity of Things (IoT)


Organization: NCC Group

Reference: Security of Things: An Implementers Guide to Cyber Security for Internet of Things devices and beyond

Published on: 8 April 2014

The paper takes the reader through a typical IoT product development life-cycle and associated business discussions highlighting the security and privacy impacting areas and decisions that should be considered, why they should be and the potential ramifications if not. In addition for those less experienced in secure hardware and software development lifecycles we also provide a matter of fact look at some of the challenges along the way. At a high-level the paper covers in its 35 or so pages the following:

  • Why: security and privacy matter in the IoT.
  • Trade-offs: between security and cost.
  • Foundations: for security in the IoT and the associated threat Landscape.
  • High-level considerations: before designing or developing an IoT product.
  • Practical steps: for threat modelling and risks assessments of product requirements, features and design.
  • Product lifecycle steps and security: at all stages in the lifecycle including concept, design & architecture, implementation, verification and sustainment.

Smart cities: trading privacy for efficiency?


Smart-city-012An article “Smart cities: are you willing to trade privacy for efficiency?” is published in The Guardian.

From the intro:

Data science may be helping cities get ‘smarter’, but questions remain over how long urban populations will tolerate an increasingly invasive level of data collection


Architectural Reference Model for the IoT v3.0


Organization: Internet of Things – Architecture

Reference: Architectural Reference Model for the IoT v3.0 [PDF]

Published on: 15 July 2013

IoT-A, the European Lighthouse Integrated Project created the proposed architectural reference model together with the definition of an initial set of key building blocks. Together they are envisioned as foundations for fostering the emerging Internet of Things. Using an experimental paradigm, IoT-A combined top-down reasoning about architectural principles and design guidelines with simulation and prototyping in exploring the technical consequences of architectural design choices.

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