IoT Protocols Speed Range

[WARNING! Table below is out of date. Don’t rely on this info. I’ll be updating it soon.]

wdt_ID Protocol / Current Standard Version Comment Organization that manages the standard URL of the organization URL to standard specification Frequency Range (non-urban / open) Range (urban / in building) Data Rate Power Draw Topology Requires hub or gateway Proprietary or open Intended Use Security
1 ANT+ Alliance N/A Garmin http://www.garmin.com/en-US https://www.thisisant.com/ 2.4GHz 100 N/A 12.8 kbit/s - 60kbit/s Point-to-point, star, tree, mesh N/A Open Single Building Encrypted
2 Bluetooth special interest group (SIG) 2016 - 4x increase in range, double speed and support for mesh Bluetooth SIG, Inc. https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works/low-energy http://glowlabs.co/wireless-protocols/ 2.4GHz 200 ft N/A 25Mbps Medium PAN Yes Open Personal Encrypted
3 Bluetooth 5 N/A Bluetooth SIG, Inc. https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works/low-energy http://glowlabs.co/wireless-protocols/ 2.4GHz 800 ft N/A 50Mbps Medium PAN Yes Open Personal Encrypted
4 Bluetooth Smart 2016 - 4x increase in range, double speed and support for mesh Bluetooth SIG, Inc. https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works/low-energy http://glowlabs.co/wireless-protocols/ 2.4GHz 200 ft N/A 10kB/s Low PAN Yes Open Personal Encrypted
5 GSM/GPRS/EDGE (2G), UMTS/HSPA (3G), LTE (4G) N/A N/A N/A https://www.rs-online.com/designspark/eleven-internet-of-things-iot-protocols-you-need-to-know-about 900/1800/1900/2100MHz 35km max for GSM; 200km max for HSPA N/A 35-170kps (GPRS), 120-384kbps (EDGE), 384Kbps-2Mbps (UMTS), 600kbps-10Mbps (HSPA), 3-10Mbps (LTE) Ring & Mesh No Open Personal Encrypted
6 3GPP Rel 13 N/A GSMA http://www.gsma.com/iot/extended-coverage-gsm-internet-of-things-ec-gsm-iot/ http://www.datatec.de/shop/artikelpdf/5992-1217en_d.pdf 850-900 MHz (GSM bands) ~164 dB N/A 10 kbps to 240 kbps Low Mesh No Proprietary WAN Optional
7 IEEE 802.15.4 N/A IEEE http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.15.4-2015.pdf https://www.ieee.org 2.4GHz N/A N/A Low Low PAN Yes Proprietary Single Building Authenticated
8 ISA100.11a 6LoWPAN ISA http://www.nivis.com/technology/ISA100.11a.php https://www.isa.or 2.4 GHz ~200 m N/A 250 kbps Low Mesh N/A Proprietary Single Building Encrypted
9 LoRaWAN LoRa physical layer LoRaWAN is the MAC layer. LoRa Alliance https://www.lora-alliance.org https://www.lora-alliance.org/What-Is-LoRa/Technology Various 15km 2-5km 0.3-50 kbps Star N/A Open Encrypted
10 3GPP Rel 12 N/A GSMA http://www.gsma.com/iot/extended-coverage-gsm-internet-of-things-ec-gsm-iot/ http://www.datatec.de/shop/artikelpdf/5992-1217en_d.pdf 450 MHZ and 3.5 GHz (Uses LTE technology and frequency bands) ~141 dB N/A 1 Mbps Low Mesh No Proprietary WAN Encrypted
Protocol / Current Standard Version Comment Organization that manages the standard URL of the organization URL to standard specification Frequency Range (non-urban / open) Range (urban / in building) Data Rate Power Draw Topology Requires hub or gateway Proprietary or open Intended Use Security
marin@5g.security | Website | Other articles

Marin Ivezic is a Partner at PwC (PricewaterhouseCoppers) specializing in risks of emerging technologies. He leads PwC’s global 5G cybersecurity efforts. He also leads cybersecurity for the Telecommunications, Media & Technology sector; and Industrial, IoT, Critical Infrastructure & Cyber-Kinetic security capabilities in the region. All these focus areas are being transformed with the emergence of 5G. Marin worked with critical infrastructure protection organizations in a dozen countries, 20+ of the top 100 telecom companies, and a number of technology companies on understanding the geopolitics of 5G; uncovering as-yet-unknown security and privacy risks of 5G, AI and IoT; and defining novel security and privacy approaches to address emerging technology risks.