IoT Protocols Speed Range

[WARNING! Table below is out of date. Don’t rely on this info. I’ll be updating it soon.]

wdt_IDProtocol / Current Standard VersionCommentOrganization that manages the standardURL of the organizationURL to standard specificationFrequencyRange (non-urban / open)Range (urban / in building)Data RatePower DrawTopologyRequires hub or gatewayProprietary or openIntended UseSecurity
1ANT+ AllianceN/AGarminhttp://www.garmin.com/en-UShttps://www.thisisant.com/2.4GHz100N/A12.8 kbit/s - 60kbit/sPoint-to-point, star, tree, meshN/AOpenSingle BuildingEncrypted
2Bluetooth special interest group (SIG)2016 - 4x increase in range, double speed and support for meshBluetooth SIG, Inc.https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works/low-energyhttp://glowlabs.co/wireless-protocols/2.4GHz200 ftN/A25MbpsMediumPANYesOpenPersonalEncrypted
3Bluetooth 5N/ABluetooth SIG, Inc.https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works/low-energyhttp://glowlabs.co/wireless-protocols/2.4GHz800 ftN/A50MbpsMediumPANYesOpenPersonalEncrypted
4Bluetooth Smart2016 - 4x increase in range, double speed and support for meshBluetooth SIG, Inc.https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works/low-energyhttp://glowlabs.co/wireless-protocols/2.4GHz200 ftN/A10kB/sLowPANYesOpenPersonalEncrypted
5GSM/GPRS/EDGE (2G), UMTS/HSPA (3G), LTE (4G)N/AN/AN/Ahttps://www.rs-online.com/designspark/eleven-internet-of-things-iot-protocols-you-need-to-know-about900/1800/1900/2100MHz35km max for GSM; 200km max for HSPAN/A35-170kps (GPRS), 120-384kbps (EDGE), 384Kbps-2Mbps (UMTS), 600kbps-10Mbps (HSPA), 3-10Mbps (LTE)Ring & MeshNoOpenPersonalEncrypted
63GPP Rel 13N/AGSMAhttp://www.gsma.com/iot/extended-coverage-gsm-internet-of-things-ec-gsm-iot/http://www.datatec.de/shop/artikelpdf/5992-1217en_d.pdf850-900 MHz (GSM bands)~164 dBN/A10 kbps to 240 kbpsLowMeshNoProprietaryWANOptional
7IEEE 802.15.4N/AIEEEhttp://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.15.4-2015.pdfhttps://www.ieee.org2.4GHzN/AN/ALowLowPANYesProprietarySingle BuildingAuthenticated
8ISA100.11a6LoWPANISAhttp://www.nivis.com/technology/ISA100.11a.phphttps://www.isa.or2.4 GHz~200 mN/A250 kbpsLowMeshN/AProprietarySingle BuildingEncrypted
9LoRaWANLoRa physical layer LoRaWAN is the MAC layer.LoRa Alliancehttps://www.lora-alliance.orghttps://www.lora-alliance.org/What-Is-LoRa/TechnologyVarious15km2-5km0.3-50 kbpsStarN/AOpenEncrypted
103GPP Rel 12N/AGSMAhttp://www.gsma.com/iot/extended-coverage-gsm-internet-of-things-ec-gsm-iot/http://www.datatec.de/shop/artikelpdf/5992-1217en_d.pdf450 MHZ and 3.5 GHz (Uses LTE technology and frequency bands)~141 dBN/A1 MbpsLowMeshNoProprietaryWANEncrypted
Protocol / Current Standard VersionCommentOrganization that manages the standardURL of the organizationURL to standard specificationFrequencyRange (non-urban / open)Range (urban / in building)Data RatePower DrawTopologyRequires hub or gatewayProprietary or openIntended UseSecurity
Marin Ivezic
marin@ivezic.com | Website | Other articles

Marin Ivezic is a Partner at PwC (PricewaterhouseCoppers) specializing in risks of emerging technologies. He leads PwC’s 5G cybersecurity efforts. He also leads cybersecurity for the Telecommunications, Media & Technology sector; and Industrial, IoT, Critical Infrastructure & Cyber-Kinetic security capabilities in the region. All these focus areas are being transformed with the emergence of 5G. Marin worked with critical infrastructure protection organizations in a dozen countries, 20+ of the top 100 telecom companies, and a number of technology companies on understanding the geopolitics of 5G; uncovering as-yet-unknown security and privacy risks of 5G, AI and IoT; and defining novel security and privacy approaches to address emerging technology risks.