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Huawei ERNW 5G Source Code Analysis
No, no it doesn’t. Huawei's code might as well be extremely secure. Their code is certainly the most scrutinized. But the recent UDG source code review is not an evidence of security. ERNW, an independent IT security service provider in Germany, recently performed a technical review / audit of Huawei’s Unified Distributed Gateway (UDG) source code. Huawei made the summary report available here . The review focused on the quality of the source code and the source code management practices. The report is overall positive and showed that Huawei has significantly improved its software engineering processes. At least for the UDG...
S.3469 NETWORK Act
A bipartisan group of U.S. lawmakers today introduced in Senate a bill aimed "To impose sanctions with respect to foreign telecommunications companies engaged in economic or industrial espionage against United States persons, and for other purposes." Officially called Neutralizing Emerging Threats from Wireless OEMs Receiving direction from Kleptocracies and Surveillance states Act or the NETWORKS Act, the bill would require the President to block and prohibit significant transactions and interests in property of a foreign individual or entity that (1) produces fifth- or future-generation telecommunications technology; and (2) engages in economic or industrial espionage, or other related illicit activities, involving...
Bell Canada 5G
On Bell's BCE Inc (BCE) Q1 2020 Results Conference Call on Thursday new Bell's President and CEO Mirko Bibic said: "We are ready with our initial 5G network, but frankly we don’t think that it’s the right time right now to officially launch it for marketing purposes. I just don’t think that customers are paying attention to this right now and that’s not what is top of mind for our customer base. They have other priorities, understandably. Bell Canada started the deployment of its 5G network infrastructure this year, using Nokia's gear. Babic did say that the infrastructure projects continue: "At...
TeraGo 5G
TeraGo Inc. (“TeraGo” or the “Company”) (TSX: TGO, www.terago.ca) is a Canadian managed cloud and connectivity solutions company. It owns a national spectrum portfolio of exclusive 24GHz and 38GHz wide-area spectrum licences including 2,120 MHz of spectrum across Canada’s 6 largest cities. It operates a national fixed wireless network with thousands of access points across Canada and operates five data centres in the Greater Toronto Area, the Greater Vancouver Area, and Kelowna. TeraGo announced that it will be starting 5G technical trials in the Greater Toronto Area utilizing 5G fixed wireless network equipment from Nokia. These initial trials are expected...
Edge Computing Fog
For many end-users of today's communications technology, the cloud is a somewhat mystical concept, a digital equivalent of aether. Most think of it as a formless abstraction "up there" when, in fact, the cloud is rooted in the ground. Or the seabed. Despite rapid advances in satellite connection, almost all intercontinental data transfer that takes place every second of the day occurs via hundreds of thousands of miles of underwater cables. Reading a map of these submarine cables is like viewing a tapestry of international telecommunication. It is perhaps strange to think that the email you just sent to your colleague...
5G COVID-19
There are many adjectives that could be used to describe the global outbreak of COVID-19, but perhaps the simplest might be: fast. The disease has spread quicker than most people can mentally digest. By nature, humans process linearly. This pandemic has been a lesson in exponential thinking for the common man. Those who don’t spend their time contemplating Moore's Law or compound interest have felt overwhelmed by infection or mortality rates that double daily. In response, governments, businesses, monetary institutions, education systems and the many other players in corporate and civil life have acted at high speed. It is easy to...
The Next Gen Future 5G Australia
Australian government's committee - The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Communications and the Arts - has issued a new report on adoption of 5G in Australia. The report titled "The Next Gen Future - Inquiry into the deployment, adoption and application of 5G in Australia" lists 14 recommendations including these few related to technology independence and cybersecurity: The Committee recommends that the Australian Government investigate ways to encourage the manufacture of 5G infrastructure within Australia. To help enable this, the Australian Government should establish a 5G R&D Innovation Fund to fast track the development and scale-up of alternative manufacturing...
In response to COVID-19 3GPP has delayed the next two 5G standards releases - releases 16 and 17 - by three months. 3GPP Release 16 stage 3 freezing will now occur in June 2020 while Release 17 will now be frozen in June 2021. Release 16 includes specifications that cover: Enhancement of Ultra Reliable Low-Latency Communications (URLLC) support in the 5G Core network Physical-layer enhancements for URLLC 5G New radio (NR) support for Industrial Internet of Things LAN services NR-based access to unlicensed spectrum (NR_unlic) Release 17 is expected to address: Asset tracking in 5G (ATRAC) Communication Service Requirements for Critical Medical...
5G Virtualization
Depending on who you speak to, 5G is either humankind’s greatest imminent blessing or its greatest imminent curse. Still in its infancy, and not yet commercially standardized, this technology has already been the most polarizing advancement we have ever seen in communication. Consumers worldwide are captivated by promises of super-fast download speeds, split-second responsiveness and next-level mobile phone communication, but are divided on the possible sacrifices of privacy and security. Detractors continue to issue condemnations of 5G cellular’s possible health risks. Supporters continue to shake their heads in disbelief. Governments jostle for geopolitical supremacy; 5G is seen as both a proxy...
Society 5.0 and 5G
In their outstanding book, Wicked and Wise, Alan Watkins and Ken Wilber look at some of the most pressing ‘wicked problems’ facing the human race. ‘Wicked problems,’ they suggest, are difficult to define, but they are essentially unsolvable in the usual scientific sense. The authors go on: wicked problems, such as climate change, are multi-dimensional, have multiple causes, multiple stakeholders, multiple symptoms and multiple solutions. They are by definition complex and difficult to process. Crucially, they are created or exacerbated by people. Our species has proved capable of producing challenges of unfathomable difficulty. We may, however, also prove capable of developing the...
UK 5G Huawei
The U.K. government greenlit Huawei for a limited role in the U.K.'s fifth-generation telecommunications networks. This is a blow for American efforts of the last few years to get its allies to boycott the Chinese telecom-equipment vendor. The U.S. has been campaigning against Huawei ostensibly over spying fears. However, the real reasons are much more complicated. See Geopolitics of 5G and 5G-Connected Massive & Critical IoT for my analysis of the 5G-related geopolitical spat. The underlying question really being about who would take the lead in the nascent "Society 5.0" / "Everything Connected" era and who gets left behind. The U.K....
5G Opportunity and Cybersecurity
The human will to innovate is seemingly relentless. The history of our species is one of continual development, with the last 350 years, in particular, representing staggering technological progress. The first industrial revolution mechanized production using natural elements like water. The second revolution used electricity to enable mass production; the third used electronics and information technology to automate production. The fourth industrial revolution unfolding all around us is characterized by an exponential growth in data production and the merging of the physical and digital. Cyber-physical systems (CSPs) like the internet of things (IoT) and industrial control systems (ICS) are capable of...
Rogers 5G Vancouver
Rogers announced it is starting to roll out Canada’s first 5G network in downtown Vancouver, Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal so it is ready when 5G devices become available this year. Rogers is using Ericsson equipment. 5G network will  initially use 2.5 GHz spectrum and will expand to use 600 MHz 5G spectrum later this year. With this move, the Canadian wireless operator is laying claim to being the first cellphone provider in Canada to offer 5G. After the initial deployment in the four major cities, the network will expand to over 20 more markets by the end of the year, according to...
5G Threat Landscape
ENISA, the EU's always excellent cybersecurity watchdog, published "Threat Landscape of 5G Networks", a report on threats relating to 5G networks. The report presents an overview of the challenges in the security of 5G networks. It also presents a comprehensive generic 5G architecture, the identification of key assets, the assessment of threats affecting 5G (threat taxonomy), the identification of asset exposure (threats – assets mapping) and an initial assessment of threat agent motives. I don't fully agree with the report's mapping of relevance of asset groups to the maintenance of CIA properties, but, as the authors state "...the asset...
Canada 5G CA5G
In 1967, Lynn Margulis, a young biologist, published a paper that challenged more than a hundred years of evolutionary theory. It proposed that millions of years ago, the eukaryotes emerged not from competition, as neo-Darwinism asserts, but from collaboration. Margulis’ research showed how single-celled lifeforms working together created an entirely new organism that became the foundation of all advanced life on earth. This was an inflection point in the development of evolutionary biology, shifting the scientific and cultural narrative away from “survival of the fittest” towards “survival of the most cooperative.” Though competition contributes to better individual or organizational performance, it...