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5G Threat Landscape
ENISA, the EU's always excellent cybersecurity watchdog, published "Threat Landscape of 5G Networks", a report on threats relating to 5G networks. The report presents an overview of the challenges in the security of 5G networks. It also presents a comprehensive generic 5G architecture, the identification of key assets, the assessment of threats affecting 5G (threat taxonomy), the identification of asset exposure (threats – assets mapping) and an initial assessment of threat agent motives. I don't fully agree with the report's mapping of relevance of asset groups to the maintenance of CIA properties, but, as the authors state "...the asset...
Huawei Position Paper Cybersecurity 5G
Today Huawei released its position paper on cyber security. The paper is an excellent summary of 5G security risks, latest standards and industry developments related to 5G security. Some of the 5G security approaches Huawei claims to follow and how their cybersecurity organized all have some interesting and applicable nuggets. Once some of the self-serving statements are filtered out, this paper together with included references could serve as a good 5G security primer. The paper, however, is coming somewhat short of addressing the key security concern with Huawei - namely the risk of the Chinese state gathering sensitive data and/or...
Quantum Computer 5G Security
Recently, in the science journal Nature, Google claimed ‘quantum supremacy’ saying that its quantum computer is the first to perform a calculation that would be practically impossible for a classical machine. This quantum computing breakthrough brings us closer to the arrival of functional quantum systems which will have a profound effect on today's security infrastructure. How will quantum computing affect the security of 5G technologies currently being developed and deployed? Last spring we suggested that the emergence of quantum internet connectivity and computation, expected sometime in the next decade, poses numerous new cryptography and cybersecurity challenges for 5G security. MIT offers...
IIoT 5G Trust Security
When microwave ovens first arrived on the market in 1967 they were met with public skepticism. Perhaps it was because, not long before, the same technology now promising to safely cook consumers’ evening meals was the backbone of a military radar. Perhaps it was the $495 price tag (more than $3,700 in today’s money). Whatever the reason, in the early 1970s the percentage of Americans owning a microwave was tiny. By 2011, it was 97%. What changed? Trust and convenience. When microwave technology was first released, it was difficult to trust. Cooking without using heat? It was simply too alien. In 1973,...
5G Connectivity Security
The timeline of human history is marked by inflection points of major technological advancement. The plow, the printing press, the telegraph, the steam engine, electricity, the telephone, the internet: each of these breakthroughs precipitated tectonic shifts in how people lived and worked. Now, in the early part of the 21st century, we stand witness to the birth of a new industrial revolution built on 5th generation cellular technology - 5G network. As the name implies, 5G network follows a developmental chain. First came 1G, the first generation of cellular communication that freed us to make voice calls without being tethered...
Canada Innovation Zones AI 5G
In my previous post I argued that if Canada wants to succeed with its AI-focused innovation agenda, it should also be at the forefront of 5G innovation and development. Canada could get ahead in the global 5G race not by being the first to 5G, but by being the first to roll out 5G in the right way - addressing cybersecurity, linking development of AI and 5G, addressing regulatory and policy prerequisites, etc. Canada could leap ahead in development of both, 5G and AI, by tackling them collaboratively rather than in parallel but separately as is the case now. One...
5G Health Concerns
The rollout of 5G is one of the most anticipated events in humanity’s technological history. But what about the 5G health concerns? It’s the night before Halloween in 1938 and, as the tale goes, radio audiences tuning into Orson Welles’ reading of War of the Worlds are driven to panic. Apparently listening to an ordinary radio broadcast, the public hear of an unfolding Martian invasion and a chaos of heat rays, poisonous gas and alien war machines. The news account is met with hysteria. Someone hearing this story for the first time may find it laughable that people could be so easily...
Canada 5G AI
Canada has been investing in machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) for longer than most of the industrialized world. Dr. Geoff Hinton of Google helped ignite the field of graphics processing unit (GPU) deep learning at the University of Toronto. Then he became chief scientific advisor to the Vector Institute, which in collaboration with the University, aims to produce the largest number of deep learning AI graduates and innovators globally. Meanwhile, Montreal, Quebec prides itself as the birthplace of AI. It’s the home of computer scientist Yoshua Bengio, who is another pioneer of AI technology. Hundreds of AI researchers...
AI and 5G Double-edged Sword
If you've ever been to an expensive restaurant and ordered a familiar dish like, say, lasagna, but received a plate with five different elements arranged in a way that does not at all resemble what you know as lasagna, then you have probably tasted deconstructionism. This approach to cuisine aims to challenge the way our brain makes associations, to break existing patterns of interpretation and, in so doing, to release unrealized potential. If the different elements work together harmoniously, it should be the best lasagna you've ever tasted. So it is with 5G. In principle, the 5th Generation network is deconstructed. Firstly,...
AI and 5G
In 2013, George F. Young and colleagues completed a fascinating study into the science behind starling murmurations. These breathtaking displays of thousands – sometimes hundreds of thousands – of birds in a single flock swooping and diving around each other, look from a distance like a single organism organically shape-shifting before the viewer’s eyes. In their research article, Young et al reference the starling’s remarkable ability to “maintain cohesion as a group in highly uncertain environments and with limited, noisy information." The team discovered that the birds’ secret lay in paying attention to a fixed number of their neighbors –...
Prague 5G Security Conference
Security officials from EU nations, Japan, the United States and Australia gathered in Prague on Thursday and Friday to discuss 5G cybersecurity threats. The two-day conference held under the auspices of Prime Minister Andrej Babiš hoped to develop a series of non-binding recommendations on how to approach future cyber threats emerging from 5G technologies. The recommendations would also contribute to discussions within the EU and NATO on a common approach towards cyber threats. Building a path towards consensus in 5G security is the right thing to do. A more science-based approach agreed to by the majority of the...
5G gear 5G security standard Huawei
For years U.S. and some of its allies are claiming that Huawei should not be trusted and that the Chinese company is likely to have backdoors in its 5G gear. Today's report from Bloomberg is already being held as the "smoking gun" by the supporters of the U.S. position. Bloomberg alleges that Vodafone, the largest mobile network operator in Europe, found backdoors in Huawei 5G gear between 2009 and 2011. With these backdoors, Huawei could have gained unauthorized access to Vodafone's "fixed-line network in Italy." It wouldn't be a 5G story if things would be as simple as...
5G gear 5G security standard Huawei
The top US cybersecurity policy diplomat, Rob strayer, praised Germany’s strict security standards for 5G network providers on Wednesday. The requirements include sections that call for the providers to utilize “trustworthy” equipment suppliers who comply with national security regulations related to secrecy and data protection. The issue of course being that Huawei in particular has some managerial, best practices and compliance issues in this area as seen in previous reports such as the UK’s Huawei Cyber Security Evaluation Centre. Rob strayer believes that this would “lead inevitably” to a banning of Huawei as...
Huawei China US 5G
Excellent article today from the Washington Post: How China’s Huawei took the lead over U.S. companies in 5G technology Huawei, still the only 5G equipment manufacturing with the end-to-end offering, keeps evolving into the world’s biggest supplier of telecom equipment. It sparks fear into U.S. and the Trump administration about potential impacts on national security as well as U.S. technology supremacy. The rising global demand for 5G equipment highlights how the U.S., a technology leader in other respects, is largely absent from the wireless networking industry. 5G is expected to shape technological innovation for years to come, providing...
Germany 5G Security Standard
Germany’s auction of 5G spectrums reached 5 billion euros yesterday, in excess of expert estimates. The high price will mean that whilst the German government received a large amount of money to inject in improving their public digital infrastructure, it will simultaneously harm the capability of Telecoms to efficiently and quickly fund the construction of the 5G networks. Additional concerns for the Telecoms that managed to obtain a slice of the 5G spectrum is that they will have to build the 5G networks whilst living up to the stringent security requirements made by the...