IoT Wireless Protocols – Speed & Range – Spreadsheet

IoT Wireless Protocols - Speed & Range

wdt_ID Wireless technology / standard Data Rate Approximate Range
1 5G Low-band 5G (600 - 700 MHz) giving download speeds a little higher than 4G at the moment: 30-250 Mbps. Mid-band 5G (2.5-3.7 GHz) currently allowing speeds of 100-900 Mbps. High-band 5G (25 - 39 GHz and higher frequencies up to 80GHz) achieves, at the mom Range is correlated with frequency bands - low band 5G has similar range to 4G (tens of kilometers), Mid-band 5G has several km range. High-band 5G has hundreds of meters up to 1.5 km range.
2 ANT+ Alliance 12.8 Kbit/s - 60kbit/s ≈ 30m
3 Bluetooth ≈ 2Mbps ≈ 50m
4 BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) or Bluetooth Smart (Bluetooth 5, 4.2) <1Mbps ≈ (n x 100kbps) ≈ 100m
5 GSM/GPRS/EDGE (2G), UMTS/HSPA (3G), LTE (4G) Typical download: 35-170kps (GPRS), 120-384kbps (EDGE), 384Kbps-2Mbps (UMTS), 600kbps-10Mbps (HSPA), 3-10Mbps (LTE) ≈ 35km max for GSM and ≈ 200km max for HSPA
6 IEEE 802.15.4 ≈ 20 kbps and 40 kbps (BPSK ), ≈ 250 kbps (O-QPSK with DSSS) ≈ 100m
7 ISA100.11a ≈ 250 kbps ≈ 100m
8 6LoWPAN ≈ 250 kbps ≈ 100m
9 LoRaWAN ≈ 0.3-50 kbps ≈ 15km
10 EC-GSM-IoT 70 kbps (GSMK), 240 kbps (8PSK) ≈ 15km
11 LTE-MTC Cat 0 ≈ 1 Mbps Range is variable and depends on frequency bands, propagation conditions etc. typically it is ≈ 10km
12 LTE-M (Cat M1, Cat M2 ) - eMTC LTE-M Cat M1 ≈ 1 Mbps LTE-M Cat M2 ≈ 4 Mbps DL / ≈ 7 Mbps UL Range is variable and depends on frequency bands, propagation conditions etc. typically it is ≈ 10km
13 NB-IoT - Narrowband-IoT (LTE Cat NB1 and LTE Cat NB2) LTE Cat NB1 ≈ 66 kbps (multi-tone) and ≈ 16.9 Kbit/s (single-tone) LTE Cat NB2 ≈ 159kbps Range is variable and depends on frequency bands, propagation conditions etc. typically it is better than LTE-M coverage.
14 Neul up to 100kbps ≈ 10km
15 NFC 106kbps, 212kbps, 424kbps ≈ 10cm
16 RPMA (Random Phase Multiple Access) 100kb ≈ 70km
17 IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Different data rates are enabled in IEEE 802.11 family of standards and their theoretical throughput is 11 Mbps ( IEEE 802.11b), 54 Mbps (IEEE 802.11a and IEEE 802.11g), 100 Mbps (IEEE 802.11n) or 300 Mbps (IEEE 802.11ac). ≈ 50m
18 IEEE 802.11ah (Wi-Fi HaLow ) 347Mbps ≈ 900m
19 IEEE 802.16 (WiMax) 40Mbit/s - mobile, 1 Gbit/s - fixed ≈ 50km
20 HART 250 kbps ≈ 200m
21 Z-Wave 40kbps (915MHz) and 20kbps (868MHz) 30-100m
22 ZigBee 250 kbps (2.4GHz) 40kbps (915MHz) 20kbps (868MHz) 30-100m
23 Thread 250kbps ≈ 30m
24 DigiMesh 250 kbps (2.4) 40kbps (915) 20kbps (868) ≈ 100m
25 MiWi 20kbps ≈ 300m
26 EnOcean 125kbps ≈ 30m (outdoor 300m)
27 Weightless (W, N, P) ≈ 600bps-100kbps ≈ 2km (P), 5km (W, N)
28 mcThings 50kbps ≈ 200m
29 LoRa 50kbps ≈ 30km
30 SIGFOX 600bps ≈ 40km
31 DECT ULE 1Mbps ≈ 300m
32 Insteon 38400bps - via RF 13165bps - via powerlines ≈ 50m
33 RFID 4kbps - 640kbps (depending on the active or passive type of device and frequency range). 0.01m-10m (depending on the frequency range)
34 WAVIoT (NB-Fi - Narrowband Fidelity) 10-100bps ≈ 50km
35 DASH7 Alliance Protocol (D7A or D7AP) 167kbps ≈ 2km
36 Wi-SUN 300kbps ≈ 1000m
37 Wavenis 9.6kbps (433 & 868MHz) / 19.2kbps (915MHz) ≈ 1000m
38 MiOTY 407 bps ≈ 20km
Wireless technology / standard Data Rate Approximate Range
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Marin Ivezic is a Cybersecurity & Privacy Partner in PwC Canada focused on risks of emerging technologies.

IoT Protocols Speed Range